Cotton is natural. It is durable, versatile, comfortable, looks
great and is environmentally friendly.
Cotton grows in a puffy boll around the seeds of the cotton plant. The staple of a given variety/type of cotton refer to the fibers of the boll.
Here are the types of cotton used in modern cotton fabrics.
Short-staple cotton (G. herbaceum and G. arboreum), includes cottons with a shorter staple length of 1/2 to 1 inch. This type is native to India and Eastern Asia.
Upland Cotton or Mexican Cotton, is the most widely planted species of cotton in the United States, constituting some 95% of all cotton production. Worldwide, the figure is about 90% of all production for this species. Upland cotton comes in short-staple and medium-staple varieties and varies in length from about 3/4 to 1 1/4 inches.
Pima Cotton is of early South American origin. Varying in length from 1 1/4 to 1 9/16 inches, it is known in the United States as American Pima. American Pima plants produce Long and Extra Long Staple (ELS) cotton. ELS Pima competes with Egyptian cotton. Certain textile mills, manufacturers, and retailers are licensed by an organization of American Pima producers to use the brand name Supima for their products made from superior-quality Pima cotton.
Sea Island Cotton is a superior, very strong, extra-long-staple cotton that is grown on the islands between Florida and South America. It is typically used for fine shirting fabrics.
Egyptian cotton refers to the extra long staple cotton of 1½ to 2½ inches grown in Egypt and favored for the luxury and upmarket brands worldwide. This type of cotton has fibers that can be made into stronger softer yarn for extra comfort, beauty, and durability.